Roadmap to Referencing

for use with Harvard-UniSA Style referencing


Dictionary, encyclopaedia or handbook (reference work)

Description: A book to be consulted for definitions of words and terms, or for information about specific people, places and concepts, rather than to be read from beginning to end.


  • Types include dictionaries, encyclopedias, manuals and handbooks.
  • For a standard dictionary with no core author(s) or editor(s), do not include an entry in the reference list. Only cite in-text, e.g.
    • The Hutchinson encyclopaedia (2007, p. 233) defines...
    • According to the Longman dictionary of contemporary English (2009, p. 152)...
  • Cite specialist dictionaries or encyclopaedias with core author(s) or editor(s) as you would for traditional books.

In-text citation

Format and layout:
Author’s family name OR Authoring body (year, page number if applicable)
(Author’s family name OR Authoring body year, page number if applicable)
Blackburn (2005, p. 66) describes...
... idiosyncratic filmmaker (Thomson 2010, p. 20).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:
Author’s family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year, Title, edition if necessary, Publisher, Place of publication.
Blackburn, S 2005, The Oxford dictionary of philosophy, 2nd edn, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Thomson, D 2010, The new biographical dictionary of film, 5th edn, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Denzin, NK 2011, The SAGE handbook of qualitative research, 4th edn, SAGE, Thousand Oaks.