Roadmap to Referencing

for use with Harvard-UniSA Style referencing


Journal article

: PDF of a print journal article

Description: A PDF version of a print journal article found online, e.g. via Google or Google Scholar


  • When the article is a scanned PDF version of a print journal article that you found online, reference it as a standard journal article (see 'Journal article' in the Print section).
  • If you are unsure about its print or online origin, include date viewed and URL.
  • Page numbers are not always available in online documents. Include them where available.
  • If you are referencing a supplement, add ‘suppl.’ after the article title followed by the letter/number in question, for example:
    • Smith, B 2007, 'The effect of caffeine on sleep', suppl. B, Journal of Sleep, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. S3–S6.
  • When no volume or issue details are provided for the journal but the month of publication is (e.g. February, May), write the month in place of volume/issue details.

In-text citation

Format and layout:
Author's family name (year, page number if applicable)
(Author's family name year, page number if applicable)
Werstine (1999, p. 311) laments...
...inherently flawed (Werstine 1999, p. 311).

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:
Author's family name, Initial(s) year, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, vol. x, no. x, pp. x–xx.
Werstine, P 1999, 'A century of "bad" Shakespeare quartos', Shakespeare Quarterly, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 310–333.
Edmonds, E, Bilda, Z & Muller, L 2009, 'Artist, evaluator and curator: three viewpoints on interactive art, evaluation and audience experience', Digital Creativity, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 141–151.