Roadmap to Referencing

for use with Harvard-UniSA Style referencing

Sound and Visual


: Episode of a television program/series

Description: Episode of an ongoing television program or series.


  • Types of programs include dramas, soap operas, sitcoms and comedies, science-fiction, thriller and mystery shows.
  • Cite an episode’s director as its author. Include (dir.) following director’s initials. Where directors are not identified, cite the producer (prod.) or production company.
  • Present episode titles in normal font inside inverted commas, and italicise program titles.
  • Always include the television station and broadcast date. If year of broadcast differs from year of production, include year of broadcast after broadcast date.

In-text citation

Format and layout:
(Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body year)
Director's family name OR Producer's family name OR Authoring body (year)
56 Up (Apted 2012) chronicles...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:
Director's family name, Initial(s) (dir. OR prod.) OR Authoring body year of production, 'Title of episode' if applicable, Title of program, ep. x if applicable, television program, Station, date of broadcast.
Coulter, A (dir.) 2010, ‘Paris Green’, Boardwalk empire, television program, SBS, 3 November 2012.
Apted, M (dir.) 2012, 56 up, ep. 2, television program, SBS, 6 November.