Roadmap to Referencing

for use with Harvard-UniSA Style referencing

Sound and Visual

Music recording

Description: A music recording in either physical (e.g. CD) or digital (e.g. iTunes) form


  • Types of recording include CD, cassette tape, vinyl record (physical); online, iTunes (digital).
  • Always identify the type of recording (e.g. CD, iTunes) in the reference list entry.

In-text citation

Format and layout:
(Musician’s family name OR Authoring body year)
Musician’s family name OR Authoring body (year)
Palmer (2011) explores the theme of...

Reference List / Bibliography

Format and layout:
Musician’s family name, Initial(s) OR Authoring body year of publication, Title of recording/album, type of recording, Publisher.
Palmer, A 2011, Amanda Palmer goes down under, CD, Liberator Music.